By pressing certain key combinations, you can do things that normally need a mouse, trackpad, or other đầu vào device.

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To use a keyboard shortcut,press và hold one or more modifier keys và then press the last key of the shortcut. For example, to lớn use Command-C (copy), press và hold the Commvà key, then the C key, then release both keys. Mac menus and keyboards often use symbols for certain keys, including modifier keys:

On keyboards made for Windows PCs, use the Alt key instead of Option, và the Windows hình ảnh key instead of Comm&.Some keys on some keyboards have special symbols & functions, such as for display brightness

, keyboard brightness
, Mission Control, & more. If these functions aren"t available on your keyboard, you might be able to lớn reproduce some of them bycreating your own keyboard shortcuts.To use these keys as F1, F2, F3, or other standard function keys, combine them with the Fn key.

You might need to press & hold some of these shortcuts for slightly longer than other shortcuts. This helps you to lớn avoid using them unintentionally.

nguồn button:Press to lớn turn on your Mac or wake it from sleep.Press & hold for 1.5 seconds to lớn put your Mac khổng lồ sleep.* Continue holding toforce your Mac to lớn turn off.Option–Command–Power button* orOption–Command–Media Eject: Put your Mac to sleep.Control–Shift–Power button*orControl–Shift–Media Eject:Put your displays khổng lồ sleep.Control–Powerbutton*orControl–Media Eject:Display a dialog asking whether you want to lớn restart, sleep, or shut down.

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Control–Command–Powerbutton:* Force your Mac lớn restart, without prompting khổng lồ save any open và unsaved documents.Control–Command–Media Eject:Quit all apps, then restart your Mac. If any open documents have unsaved changes, you will be asked whether you want to save them.Control–Option–Command–Powerbutton*orControl–Option–Command–Media Eject:Quit all apps, then shut down your Mac. If any open documents have unsaved changes, you will be asked whether you want khổng lồ save sầu them.Control-Command-Q: Immediately loông chồng your screen.Shift-Command-Q:Log out of your macOS user trương mục. You will be asked to confirm. To log out immediately without confirming, pressOption-Shift-Command-Q.

* Does not apply to theTouch ID sensor.