Game tứ sắc

Tu Sac (Tứ Sắc - Four Colors) is a popular Vietnamese game played with chess cards. The objective of the game is lớn organize a hvà of cards into lớn a combination of valid Tu Sac sets of cards through a process of melding new cards inlớn the h& và discarding out trash cards. It is known as Si Se Pai (which also means four colors) in Chinese.

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Tu Sac is a simple game in principle, but it is a moderately difficult game to lớn play proffessionally in practice as it has many restricted rules governingwhat players must play as well as what they are prohibited from helps making the game much easier lớn play by hidding as much as possible all these rules, allowing players lớn focus more on havingfun playing the game. Tu Sac is a game of luông xã, one in which players with good cards can win more easily, yet it is also a skilled game, one in which a person must make educated guess of other players" cards so as to lớn improve his chance of winning.

There are 28 quality cards in Tu Sac. Each card has a color of either red, yellow, green, or Trắng, & has a rank of either king, guard, minister, rook, cannon, knight, or pawn. A pack of Tu Sac has 112 cards, consisting of 4 identical cards for each color and rank. The cards are labeled in the same way as in Chinese chess (xiangqi), see the labels here. chú ý that there are 2 different ways khổng lồ label the kings, bishops, và pawns.

The following are valid card sets in Tu Sac:

A single kingA pairs of identical cardsA triple of identical cardsA quadruple of identical cardsA mix of king/guard/minister cards of the same colorA phối of rook/cannon/knight cards of the same colorA phối of 3 or 4 pawns of different colors

A h& in Tu Sac consists of 20 cards và possibly one additional active sầu thẻ. The cards are further divided inkhổng lồ a public bloông chồng that everyone can see, và a private block that only the owner of the h& can see. The public block always consists of a number of valid sets, while the private blocks may contain one or more trash cards, cards that are not yet in any valid mix. The number of trash cards a h& has is the minimum number of cards the removal of which leaves the private bloông chồng a combination of valid sets.

A few sets of cards have sầu special names. A quadruple phối of cards originally in a hvà is called a Quan. A Quan must be shown khổng lồ all players at the beginning of the game. A triple set of cards in the private bloông chồng of a hvà is called a Khap. The number of Khap that a player has must be announced to all players. This number is denoted by one or more small dots on the game board. A quadruple mix formed by melding a Khap with the active thẻ is called a Khui. Quan, Khui, và Khap have special meaning when computing the winning amount after each game.

The game is for 2-4 people and it is best to lớn play the game with 4 people.Each player initially has 20 cards except the first player who has 21 cards. The remaining deông xã of cards is left in the middle of the game table.

The game starts with the first player discarding one of his trash card. This card becomes the active card in the game. The next player can meld the active sầu thẻ, creating a valid phối of cards consisting of up to 3 private cards he has on his private hand and the active card. If a playercannot meld the thẻ, he can hit the remaining deông xã for a new card, và thiscard becomes the active sầu card. He then has another chance lớn meld the activecard. If he still cannot meld the card, he loses his turn and the game continues with the next player. If in one of the two opportunities, theactive card is melt, the person who melds the card then discards one of his trash card out. The card becomes the active thẻ, and the game continuewith the next player.

There are a number of times when melding the active card is done by someone other than the current player. In these cases, the person who does the melding becomes the current player, & the game continues from that person. These special situations are covered later.

The objective sầu of the game is khổng lồ get rid of all trash cards by either melding them with the active sầu thẻ or by discarding them. The first player whose h& doesnot have sầu any trash after melding the active card wins the game. In the case when no one wins & there are only 7 cards left in the remaining pile, the game is aborted. The game is drawn in this case.

A number of special rules govern the melding & discarding of cards. Followings are the rules, in decreasing priority. When two or more rules can be used, higher priority rules take precedent.

Winning priority: If the active thẻ could be melt in any way khổng lồ complete someone"s hvà, even when he is not the current player, the active thẻ is melt lớn that h& so that the person wins the game.Khap priority: A Khap cannot be broken, i.e. a card in a Khap cannot be combined with any other private thẻ to lớn size a set. When the active thẻ is the same as the thẻ in a Khap, the player owning that Khap must immediately meld the active card khổng lồ size a Khui và becomes the current player.Trash reduction priority: When a person disthẻ a thẻ, he must decrease the number of trash in his private hand, i.e. the card being discarded must be a trash. Whenever a person melds a card, he must not increase the number of trash in his private h&. Pair priority: If a person has a pair of thẻ, and that thẻ is an active sầu thẻ, and it is someone else"s turn, he must meld the active card to lớn size a triple and take over the turn from the current player.

There are two exceptions to the pair priority rule. Firstly, the rule cannot be used lớn meld a king card. Secondly, if a person has exactly 2 trash cards left, & the trash cards are either 2 pawns of different colors, a rook and a cannon, or a rook & a knight, or a cannon and a knight, then he cannot use the pair priority rule.

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To ensure fairness, each player should make the best effort lớn win the game. In Tu Sac, it is a requirement that each playerdoes so or risks receiving a penalty.

When discarding a thẻ after melding the active thẻ, a player should always disthẻ the worst cardhe has on hvà, taking into tài khoản what he may hit in his next round.If a player does not follow this rule, & the thẻ he discards is meltkhổng lồ khung a winning hand by someone else, the player is penalized, payingthe winning amount for other losing players in the game.

Determining whether a thẻ is the worst thẻ or not is quite confusingunless you are an experienced player. Luckily, when playing at,you will be told whether a trash card you are about lớn discard is worst or not, see later section on playing at

Once a person completes his h& và wins, all losing players pay the winner an amount based on the valid sets in his cards. A Quan, Khui, Khap are valued at 8, 6, and 3 points respectively. A phối of 4 pawns is valued at 2 points, a pair does not have any value, & all other sets are valued at 1 point.

The amount each player pays khổng lồ the winner is (3+handvalue) + 10. If the winner has a Quan or a Khui, the winning amount is then (3+handvalue)*2 + 10.

Players that bởi not win the game also receive sầu a number of side points if they have sầu Quan, Khui, or Khap. The winner must pay for Quan & Khui, and all other players must pay for Quan, Khui, and Khap.

Playing Tu Sac at is easy, whether you are a beginner or anexperienced player. All the melding required by Tu Sac rules are done automatically, và the program hides all the complexity of checking whetherthe card being discarded is worst or not.

When it is your turn to play, if you wish lớn meld the active sầu card,you can select an appropriate phối of your private cards and cliông chồng on "Meld".If you wish lớn hit for a new active sầu card, deselect all the cards and clickon "Hit". If you cannot or vì chưng not wish to meld a thẻ after hitting, you can clichồng on "Pass". To disthẻ a thẻ after melding, you can selectit & cliông chồng on "Discard". The button for disthẻ turns to lớn "Discard!!!" if the thẻ you select is not the worst trash you have.

There are 2 buttons that help you with the organization of your private cards. Clicking on "Find Trash" will cycle you through all your trash cards, all the trash cards that are safe for you to play (i.e. the worst cards),and lớn deselect all your cards. Click on "Quiông xã Select" one or more times lớn quickly select the cards that you can use khổng lồ meld the current thẻ or a trash khổng lồ discard.

If you are new lớn the game, you can blindly cliông xã on "Quiông xã Select" thenon the action button, regardless of it being "Meld", "Hit", "Pass", "Discard".You may not play well, but at least your play is valid.

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If you play safe, i.e. always disthẻ the worst card required by the game rule, you will not be penalized if someone wins with the card you disthẻ. You however run the risk of letting other people khổng lồ guess your hand correctly or letting the player immediate after you have sầu an easy time getting rid of his trash. To play well the game, you must learn when not to lớn discard the worst card, even when you may pay a penalty for such disthẻ.