Lỗi windows cannot access the specified device path or file


Windows 10 is currently the latest version of Microsoft’s extremely popular operating system. Despite bringing many improvements that users love, it comes with a fair amount of errors and bugs that seemingly pop up from nowhere. One of these is getting the message “Windows cannot access the specified device path or file” when attempting to open, modify, or delete an application/file.

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If you’re having trouble because of this error message, look no further. We’re here khổng lồ help you identify its causes, và apply a fix lớn get your system back into the working state.


What causes the “Windows cannot access the specified device path or file” error?

Just like the majority of Windows 10’s errors, there’s no definitive cause for this one either. However, the user community was able to piece together possible causes that usually lead to lớn the error this article is about. Here’s what we found from various user reports:

You don"t have the right permissions to lớn access the file. Whether intentionally or not, you might not have the required permissions to open/modify the application or file.The file location isn"t accessible or doesn"t exist. It’s possible that the file you’re trying khổng lồ access no longer exists on the computer.The file has been modified or deleted by malware. When you have malware infections, there’s a possibility that the malicious software will modify or delete your files.An antivirus application is blocking your access. Antivirus applications are notorious for leading lớn Windows 10 errors. You can find a method to lớn ensure your antivirus isn’t causing the error below.The tệp tin is on a non-accessible external location. If you’ve stored the file on a network or an external hard drive that is no longer properly connected khổng lồ your PC, you’ll get the “Windows cannot access the specified device path or file” error.

These are only the most common causes known by the community. It’s possible that your error has a different source, however, the steps int he next section should help you resolve the issue.

How lớn fix “Windows cannot access the specified device path or file”

Now that we’ve identified the majority of possible causes, it’s time lớn fix the error. You can find various methods below that guide you through the steps necessary lớn solve issues with Windows 10’s “cannot access the specified device path or file” error.

Note: Some of these methods require you to lớn use an administrator tài khoản on your device. This means that the account is able to lớn perform various tasks that may change system settings, which may be required khổng lồ restore your system.

Don’t know how to lớn change your trương mục to have administrator permissions? Want to create a separate administrator user for purposes lượt thích this? We recommend watching “Making a user an administrator on a Windows 10 system” by StormWind Studios to learn how you can make admin users like a pro.

Now, let’s start troubleshooting the “Windows cannot access the specified device path or file” error!

Method 1: Modify the permission of the file or folder

It’s very much possible that you can’t access or modify a tệp tin because you lack the appropriate permissions to vì chưng so.

If you nội dung this computer with others, or it’s in a public location, it’s most likely a measure khổng lồ make sure nobody is able to lớn harm the device. In this case, contact an administrator and check with them.

However, if the error occurs on your personal computer, you need lớn fix the permissions yourself. Here’s how to vì just that.

Right-click on the problematic file or folder, then choose Properties.
Using the tab labels at the vị trí cao nhất of the window, switch to the Security tab.
Click on your account listed under Group or user names. This will show what permissions you currently have.Click on the Edit button to lớn modify permissions.
Make sure to lớn remove all the checks from the Deny column. This will automatically lift all restrictions regarding the file.
Click the OK button & test if you can mở cửa or modify the file after making these changes.

Method 2: check the tệp tin location

If you’re attempting lớn use a shortcut lớn a file, you might be getting the “Windows cannot access the specified device path or file” error because the shortcut currently leads to a nonexistent location.

Let’s check the location of the file và verify that it exists doing the following steps.

Right-click on the problematic file or folder, then choose Properties.Make sure you’re on the default General tab. Here’s where you can find information about a file, folder, or shortcut.Check the Location. This will show the path to lớn the file you’re trying to access or modify.
With your mouse cursor, select the location và right-click on the text. Choose the Copy option from the context menu.
Open the File Explorer using the icon in your taskbar.

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Click on the header section and insert the location text you copied in Step 4. Using the Ctrl + P keyboard shortcut. Press Enter lớn go lớn the location of the file.
Review if you can find the desired file in this location. If you can’t, the most likely thing that has happened is that the file was deleted or moved.

Method 3: Unblock the file

It’s possible that Windows 10 blocked the file in an attempt lớn protect your computer. Even if the file isn’t malicious, the system may run into false positives & block the tệp tin you’re trying lớn access or modify. When this happens, all you have to do is unblock it following these simple steps.

Right-click on the problematic tệp tin or folder, then choose Properties.Make sure you’re on the default General tab. Here’s where you can find information about a file, folder or shortcut.Check if you see the text “This file came from another computer & might be blocked to help protect this computer.” next to lớn the Security section. If you do, place a checkmark next khổng lồ Unblock.
Click OK & attempt lớn access or modify the tệp tin again.

Method 4: Recreate the shortcut khổng lồ the file

When the location of a shortcut path changes, it doesn’t automatically update. This means that you might be trying to launch a shortcut that no longer points to lớn the right file location. In this case, all you have to bởi vì is re-create the shortcut.

Click on an empty space on the Desktop, then choose NewShortcut.
Hit the Browse button và locate the tệp tin you’re trying to access or modify, then click Next.
Enter a desired name for the shortcut. This can be anything within Windows 10’s limits, meaning that you can’t use specific special characters. Click Finish.
You should have the working shortcut created on your Desktop.

Method 5: Temporarily disable your third-party antivirus

As we mentioned above, it’s possible that a third-party antivirus application causes this error on your system. Windows 10 users report that many different antivirus applications are able to cause this error, so don’t rule this option out.

The best and safest way of testing this is by temporarily disabling your antivirus và seeing if the error still occurs.

Note: Make sure you turn on Windows Defender while having your third-party antivirus disabled. Defender is a native Windows 10 solution for malware protection, capable of giving you the necessary protection when using your PC.

Here’s how you can temporarily disable an antivirus application.

Open the Task Manager using one of the following ways:Right-click on your taskbar và choose Task Manager from the context menu.
Press the Ctrl + alt + Del keys on your keyboard và wait for the security options screen to lớn show up. Then, select Task Manager.If your Task Manager launched in the compact view, click on the More details option seen in the bottom left of the window.
Switch to lớn the Startup tab at the đứng top of the Task Manager window. Here, you can see all of the applications that start along with your computer at launch.
Select your third-party antivirus application, then click on the Disable button in the bottom right of the window. The status of the application should change khổng lồ Disabled.Repeat this for every third-party antivirus software installed on your computer, then restart your device.

After completing these steps, your computer will launch without the third-party antivirus software, giving you the ability to kiểm tra if your issue is resolved.

If you can access, modify, & delete the desired folder/file, it’s most likely that the antivirus ứng dụng you’ve been using caused the error. We recommend looking for a different application or contacting customer support.

Hopefully, this guide was able to help you get rid of the annoying “Windows cannot access the specified device path or file” error on Windows 10.

If you’re hungry for more information about Microsoft Windows, need help with troubleshooting issues, or want lớn learn more about your operating system, check out our other articles here.

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